|By- Dr. Ravi Agrahari's (Scientist at IIT Delhi.)|
|Total 20 Solved Questions For CSE Mains 2016
Q.1 Discuss the role of press in disaster management. What are the various steps taken by the government to spread awareness among public to make them prepared for any such disaster incident?
Ans. The Hyogo framework for action 2005-2015 titled ‘Building the resilience of nations and communities to disaster’ was the first plan to explain, describe and detail the work that is required from all different sectors and actors to reduce disaster losses. It involved many governments, international agencies, disaster experts and others to a common system of coordination for disaster risk reduction. It outlined 5 priorities for action and guidelines and means for achieving disaster resilience and these are considered as blue print for action in disaster management. One of the 5 priorities of Hyogo framework is to strengthen disaster preparedness for effective response at all levels, it includes ensured preparedness of governments, other authorities, individuals and communities in hazard prone areas to act and equipped with knowledge and capacities for effective disaster management. In the light of this, the capacity development of stakeholders is very critical components towards effective risk reduction at ground level, which requires a platform for communication between the disaster managers across the country, specially states and stakeholders for sharing efforts on risk reduction and making them informed and aware. When disaster comes it brings a panic situation for public, and it is required that they should be in advance prepared for handling such situations and rescuing themselves and others also.
Thus press becomes a medium of communication here; it is a platform through which effective communication can be made. It includes Radios, Books, Newspapers, Training modules, magazines, News Channels, social media, Mobile apps etc. With the help of these mediums the purpose of capacity building can be fulfilled. Therefore government has taken many small and big initiatives in this regard to keep the public informed about their surroundings and prepare them to handle disasters such as they have using mass media to aware the public for Do’s and Don’ts, as it was done during Nepal earthquake.
They have launched Mobile applications like ‘SAFAR- AIR’ and ‘INDIA WHEATHER’ to keep the stakeholders informed with real time air quality and weather related information respectively. Recently NDMA (national disaster management authority) it has also released a quarterly newsletter “SAMVAD” as a platform for sharing information and efforts by various disaster managers, states and all stakeholders, with a aim of capacity building.
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