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Why is India’s Taj Mahal turning green?

Copyright@Trilok Singh.

Brief Overview:- A great discussion between Trilok Singh and some of the top environmentalist scientists and professors like Dr. Ravi Agrahari’s (Scientist in Delhi IIT), Dr. Dheraj Sir (Prof. at Kirori mal College, DU) etc.  After the hard discussion and with the source of ARCHAEOLOGICAL SURVEY OF INDIA, and BBC. I will try to find the core point which is responsible for TAJ MAHAL TURNS GREEN?

In Short,

(1) The Historical Monument is turning green due to release of faeces and dirty by insect, Geoldichironomus (Chironomus calligraphus).

(2) Yamuna has become to stagnant due to pouring of waste directly into it, that fish that earlier kept insect populations in check are dying.

(3) This is Resulting into “Explosive Breeding” of the insect, which is a biological indicator of water quality and localised water pollution.

In Broder overview,

Why is India’s Taj Mahal turning green?

_89785652_a69d308c-a06b-4dff-91b6-16959f50d28dWith the source of BBC. India’s iconic Taj Mahal has been threatened in recent weeks by insect poo – environmentalists say that bugs from the polluted Yamuna river nearby are invading the monument, leaving greenish-black patches of waste on its pristine white marble walls.

Over the years, the 17th Century monument has been threatened by pollution, unabashed construction, a crematorium and even bombs.

The BBC’s Geeta Pandey in Delhi reports on five threats – past and present – to India’s “monument of love”.

1. Insect poo


An invasion of the insect called Chironomus Calligraphus (Geoldichironomus) is turning the Taj Mahal green, says environmental activist DK Joshi.

Mr Joshi has filed a petition in the National Green Tribunal – a special tribunal set up by the government to deal with environmental disputes – saying that the “explosive breeding” of the pests in the polluted Yamuna river is marring the beauty of the monument.


“Fifty-two drains are pouring waste directly into the river and just behind the monument, Yamuna has become so stagnant that fish that earlier kept insect populations in check are dying. This allows pests to proliferate in the river,” Mr Joshi told the BBC by phone from the northern city of Agra where the Taj is located.

The stains the bugs leave on the marble are washable and workers from the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) have been trying to scrub the walls clean, but Mr Joshi says frequent scrubbing can take the sheen off the marble.

He says the problem has a simple solution – just clean up the Yamuna. On Monday 25, July 2016. UP CM Akhilesh Yadav ordered officials to “trace the factors behind the problem and find a solution”.

2. Pollution – and mud-packs


Built by Mughal emperor Shah Jahan as a mausoleum for his beloved wife Mumtaz Mahal, who died in childbirth, Taj Mahal is often described as one of the wonders of the world.

It is also India’s biggest tourist attraction, visited by heads of states, celebrities and millions of Indian and foreign tourists every year.

But pollution from the industries in Agra and a nearby oil refinery have seen the white marble yellowing over the years.

To restore the monument’s beauty, the ASI has been applying “mud packs” on its walls to draw out the pollutants. Manoj Bhatnagar of the ASI’s chemical department told the BBC that the mud-pack is based on a traditional recipe used by Indian women from ancient times to restore a natural glow to their faces.

“A layer of fullers earth – a type of lime-rich clay – mixed with water is applied over the walls and left on for 24 hours or more to dry,” he said. “Once it dries, the mud is removed and the surface is washed with distilled water to remove impurities.” The marble mausoleum had been given this treatment several times in the past: in 1994, 2001, 2008 and 2014.

Mr Bhatnagar said the next round of beauty treatment will begin once the weather cools a bit – the heat wave currently blowing across India will dry out the mud-pack too quickly and render it ineffective.

3. A shopping centre


In November 2002, the government of the Uttar Pradesh state began work on a shopping complex near the Taj Mahal.

The state government, led by then chief minister Mayawati, said the mall was being constructed to relocate shops that had been removed from the Taj Mahal under a Supreme Court order.

The authorities said that once the mall opened, tourists would be able to visit the Taj without having to go through the crowded and polluted streets.

However, the project prompted howls of protest from environmentalists who said the project violated environment protection laws and placed the monument at risk. The proposal was eventually abandoned.

4. Funeral pyres

Funeral pyres produce a lot of smoke and ash

Last year, India’s Supreme Court ordered a wood-burning crematorium near the Taj Mahal to be moved to protect the monument from the smoke and ash blown over from funeral pyres.

The court said the authorities could either move the 200-year-old crematorium or build an electric powered one to reduce pollution to the monument.

The state government agreed, but faced protests from some Hindu groups. So far, the crematorium still has not been moved.

5. Bomb and militants



This was not the first time the Taj had been on the radar of militant groups – in January 2001, security was stepped up after reports that Pakistan-based militant group Laskhar-e-Taiba was threatening to blow up the monument.

Police said they were investigating an e-mail from the group threatening to attack the Taj, but a spokesman for LeT denied the allegation, saying it was Indian propaganda to discredit them.

Why is the Taj Mahal white?

Because it is constructed of white marble : The high quality, expensive marble was sourced from the quarries of Makrana in Rajasthan. Over the year due to pollution caused by the increasing number of factories in Agra, the immaculate whiteness has been turning yellow. It was proposed that the marble be treated with a chemical mix that included multani mitti in order to restore its white colour.

Debates Area,

What is the secret of Taj Mahal’s basement?

Its been said, At the basement of Taj Mahal, there is a vedic Shiva temple. Taj mahal was not built by Shahjahan, it was built by king of jaipur ‘jaysinh’.

After commanded over tejo mahalaya, shahjahan destroyed evidence of Hindu construction. But it is still noticeable fact, that it’s a Hindu construction.

I need your feedback on above through the comment box. Thanks.


Leave a Reply
  1. Was Taj Mahal not built by Shah Jahan?
    Originally Answered: My Sanskrit teacher once told me that the Taj Mahal was not built my Shah Jahan. Is that true?
    Literally, Taj Mahal was built by the workers, craftsmen and other labours. Shah jahan built it as in he decided everything that was going to be used to construct it, how it will look like, it’s architecture and other things.. But he didnt literally build it.

  2. yes, sure sir and thanks for opening the comment box which is helps to explore ideas and knowledges. i will try to explain these area:
    How did the fountains at Taj Mahal work?
    There was a great challenge to ensure uniform and undiminished water pressure in the fountains which was met by adopting an inventive method. The fountain pipes were not connected directly with the copper pipes feeding them as it would have resulted in a steady decrease in the volume and pressure of the water. As an alternative a copper pot was provided under each fountain pipe-which was thus connected with the water supply only through the pot water first fills the pot and then only rises at the same time in the fountains. The fountains are thus controlled by the pressure in the pots and not by pressure in the main pipe. As the pressure in the pots is consistently distributed all the time, it ensures an equal supply of water at the same rate in all the fountains. This was really a work of great foresight.

  3. How’s Barack Obama India visiting experience? Did he really miss the opportunity to see Taj Mahal?
    NO more interesting is this.
    U.S Media stated that he missed 4 days from his life by visiting India .
    This is the perfect example of what is called as Indigestion due to over research & ‘ Scientific development ‘ . LOL

  4. Is the Taj Mahal worth visiting?
    I see very few non-Indian responses, so I’ll add my opinion to the mix. I have visited Agra and been to the Taj Mahal, and it was spectacular. There isn’t any way to compare it effectively to other landmarks, except to say that if you find yourself *anywhere* in India, it is worth flying to Delhi, and hiring a car to take you to Agra and see this wonder.

    The Taj Mahal itself is worth the trip, but even the mosques surrounding it are amazing in their own right, and only a few steps away.

  5. When was the Taj Mahal disguised and why?
    At the time of 1971 war (Bangladesh Liberation War), Taj mahal was camouflaged with a forest of twigs and leaves and draped with burlap because its marble glowed like a white beacon in the moonlight.

  6. Most of the answers here already explore the improbability of Taj Mahal being a Hindu Temple (Hamid Shah, Amar Prabhu, Saleha Hussain) by illustrating the temples across India and their architectural designs. However going through the comments and several answers we see the repetition of several claims for the Taj Mahal being a Shiva Temple. If one digs through these claims one finds that most originate from P.N Oak’s book that are then cited by websites that are cited by more websites. But at the crux of this extraordinary claim lies the theses of P.N Oak. So let us see some of the claims made in his book(and since I am not a professional historian this attempt is purely from an amateur and can be contested if proper proof is presented).

    a) The term Tajmahal itself never occurs in any mogul court paper or chronicle even in Aurangzeb’s time. The attempt to explain it away as Taj-i-mahal is therefore, ridiculous.
    So the logical question here is when did the term Taj Mahal originiate? Corruption of a word over time is not uncommon in history. In fact the claim is Taj-Mahal is a corruption of Tejo-Mahalaya. Does Tejo-Mahalaya or any such place occur in any of the Mughal court papers?

    b) The ending “Mahal”is never muslim because in none of the muslim countries around the world from Afghanistan to Algeria is there a building known as “Mahal”.
    Panch Mahal(Fatehpur Sikri), Jahaz Mahal(Mandu), Takht Mahal(Bidar), Tarkash Mahal(Bidar), Rangeen Mahal(Bidar), Gagan Mahal(Bijapur), Asar Mahal(Bijapur), Mehtar Mahal(Bijapur).
    And I didn’t even have to look beyond India.

  7. Was the Taj Mahal a Shiva temple? There has been a lot of talk about the Taj actually being a Shiva Temple . How much of this could be true ?

    In short, no. Here’s the longer answer now:

    1. THE USE OF MARBLE – Look at Hindu temples from that era, or the era before that. You will notice a common thread. None of them has been constructed completely from Marble.
    2. THE DOME-SHAPED TOP – The architecture isn’t Hindu architecture. The dome-shaped top is a characteristic of Islamic architecture throughout the world.
    3. THE CONSTRUCTION OF MINARETS AROUND THE STRUCTURE -Have you seen Minarets around Hindu temples? No, right? While look at some Muslim monuments around the world and in India.
    Once again Thank you so much Mr. Trilok Singh

  8. Thanks for providing us. Sir, The location for the Taj Mahal has been carefully selected and a lot of thought has gone into the decision. When built it was outside the city of Agra, and on the right bank of the Yamuna. The emperor wanted the mausoleum to be visible from the Red Fort where he lived and the current location suited his desire perfectly. In addition there is a certain beauty to being able to view the Taj Mahal next to a river and to view the reflection of the mausoleum in the river water. In addition and most importantly, water was needed for the purpose of construction as well as to lay out the gardens of paradise around the mausoleum. Having a river right next to the site was greatly helpful since otherwise water would need to be carried from further afar as well as piped for the gardens and fountains. but also met the need for water during construction purposes and laying out the garden.

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